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Invest in disaster recovery strategies and avoid damages to your company

Invest in disaster recovery strategies and avoid damages to your company

Invest in disaster recovery strategies and avoid damages to your company

Failures in the IT infrastructure can compromise the continuity of a business. For this reason, organizations must have a disaster recovery strategy to avoid losses.

This solution is useful to circumvent problems that can have different origins: natural disasters such as fires, human error, and cyberattacks are some examples. 

In this article, we go into more detail about disaster recovery and its importance for the security of institutions. We have broken down our text into the following topics:

  • What is Disaster Recovery and What Is Its Importance?
  • Emergence of Disaster Recovery
  • What are the Main Obstacles Faced by Disaster Recovery?
  • Threats to Cybersecurity in Organizations
  • Top Disaster Recovery Methods
  • What is the Best Disaster Recovery Method for my Organization?
  • Building a Disaster Recovery Plan
  • Understand RPO and RTO 
  • Synchronous Replication: Excellent Method for Companies that Cannot Tolerate High RPO from Data to Disaster Recovery
  • Asynchronous and Mixed Replication

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1. What is Disaster Recovery and What Is Its Importance?

As we suggested in the introduction to this article, disaster recovery is important to ensure the continuity of a business. 

This is because it is designed to avoid data loss and enable the company’s operations again whenever there is an interruption generated by unforeseen events, such as natural phenomena, cyberattacks. or system failure.

Thus, it is possible to prevent these inconveniences from negatively impacting the organization’s image in the eyes of its customers and causing great damage to the company.

2. Emergence of Disaster Recovery

 Disaster recovery came on the scene in the early 1970s. Before that, companies were less dependent on computer-based operations. 

In the following decade, American banks had to adapt to a government requirement: according to the determination, they would have to present a backup plan that could be tested. As a result, companies in other areas had adopted the same strategy in order to avoid long pauses in operations. 

In the 2000s, the dependence on network services was greater among companies, which began to capture and store a large amount of data, making disaster recovery a highly complex solution. 

This was simplified after 2010 with cloud computing and disaster recovery services, or “data recovery as a service” (DRaaS).

With the evolution of malicious actor tactics in virtual environments, adopting a disaster recovery plan has become imperative. After all, cyberattacks can affect a company’s work to the point of destroying its credibility, in addition to the immediate financial impacts.

3. What are the Main Obstacles Faced by Disaster Recovery?

In this topic, we cover some inconveniences that can be avoided or tackled by a disaster recovery plan. Check it out:

  • Human Error

People are subject to failures, which can result in incalculable damage if not properly addressed. These errors can occur on purpose or accidentally.

In the case of professionals who deal with computer equipment, any error can jeopardize data and operations and bring great financial impacts to companies. 

  • Equipment Problems

Machines can have faults that generate great inconvenience. This could be associated with software crashes, slow equipment. or system crash. 

This type of failure causes loss of productivity or even downtime when it is necessary to send the equipment for repair. Inevitably, this generates losses for organizations. 

  • Natural Phenomena

While not a frequent issue, natural disasters can occur and be devastating for companies that do not have a disaster recovery plan in place. 

A storm, for example, can destroy a company’s headquarters and computer equipment. For this reason, one needs to be prepared for such situations. 

  • Power Outages

Outages in electricity supply occur much more frequently than a natural disaster and also have a great potential to interrupt the activities of organizations, causing incalculable damage.

This type of unforeseen event can damage IT equipment and cause data loss, which is a major inconvenience. That is, the possibility of having a power outage is one more reason to adhere to a disaster recovery plan.

  • Equipment Theft

Having the equipment stolen creates problems that go beyond the initial scare and the damage caused by the need to replace the machines.

Besides the devices, it is possible to lose customer data and information about the business itself, which can even affect the company’s credibility. 

In this sense, it is advisable to have resources that allow you to recover lost data and keep operations in full swing to avoid damage.

  • Cybercrimes

With the evolution of technology and the action of hackers, organizations are increasingly vulnerable to cybercrimes. 

Cyber intrusions can occur for different purposes: demanding a ransom or appropriating data relating to that business.

Thus, it is essential to have a disaster recovery plan to recover information and files that may eventually be lost.


4. Threats to Cybersecurity in Organizations

Cyberattacks are increasingly sophisticated, which requires security solutions and, often, disaster recovery. Here are some threats:

  • Phishing: This is a social engineering attack (it is based on the manipulation of victims). Its most common methods include links that copy websites of trusted companies used to collect information to steal bank accounts, among other malicious actions.
  • Ransomware: In this type of malware, malicious actors demand payment of ransom to give victims back access to systems and files lost in traps such as spam.
  • Backdoor Attack: A backdoor allows an administrator to access a certain system in order to solve a problem. However, this mechanism can represent a loophole for hackers.
  • DoS and DDoS Attacks: DoS is a malicious action that overloads a server, making access to a website unavailable. In turn, DDoS affects multiple machines, flooding them with false requests and undermining real demands.


5. Top Disaster Recovery Methods

Currently, there are several disaster recovery strategies and organizations often use more than one to ensure their security. Check out the main resources used:

  • Cold Site

Here, the disaster recovery strategy works as follows: the institution has a second facility so that employees can continue to perform their duties even if incidents such as storms or fires occur.

This solution prevents business downtime, but does not enable data recovery. For this reason, we strongly recommend that it be paired with other disaster recovery tools.

  • Hot Site

This feature is very efficient when it comes to avoiding downtime. That’s because it copies data frequently, keeping it always up to date. However, their setup takes a long time and they are not among the most cost-effective solutions.

  • DRaaS

This solution ensures that computer processing is transferred to a cloud infrastructure. In this way, the company can carry out its activities even if the servers are down. 

You can access DRaaS plans through subscription or pay-per-use.  

Building a Disaster Recovery Plan

 

6. What is the Best Disaster Recovery Method for my Organization?

When defining the ideal disaster recovery method, you must analyze the demands of your company. This is because the best method varies according to the needs of each organization.

Nevertheless, it is worth mentioning that even before defining the method to be used, companies need to have a disaster recovery plan. Also, certain practices are widely recommended. Check it out:

  • Your business undergoes numerous changes over time. Therefore, it is extremely important to update your disaster recovery plans frequently so that they always meet your needs.
  • Analyze what type of incident may occur in your industry and test your disaster recovery plan to see if it is effective.
  • Make sure you have syour batored ckups in the cloud, on some other equipment, or device so you do not risk losing your data.
  • Keep in mind how you should act so that your company does not remain with activities interrupted for a long time in case an incident occurs.
  • Print your disaster recovery plan and keep it at hand. This can help you to act quickly if an incident occurs with your servers.
  • Decide what your storage method will be. 

7. Building a Disaster Recovery Plan

When it comes to avoiding inactivity that causes damage to any type of business, the best option is prevention. In this sense, it is necessary to have a well-structured disaster recovery plan. See below what aspects this planning should involve:

  • Identify All Risks

The first step in putting together an effective disaster recovery plan is to map the risks in order to focus on preventive measures. After identifying where possible failures can originate, it is time to create a scheme that allows reducing the possibilities of facing them.

This concern should cover all areas of the company and not just the IT sector. After all, the team needs to be prepared to deal with unforeseen circumstances.

  • IT Infrastructure Must be Evaluated

Putting your disaster recovery plan together involves evaluating all IT resources to understand what is available to the company. 

It is also extremely important to analyze what must be part of your IT infrastructure to ensure the operation of your business.

  • Employee Participation

As we suggested earlier, all employees of a company must be prepared to deal with situations that could put the company’s data and systems at risk.

In this aspect, your team must know what failures can occur and be able to handle the resources related to disaster recovery

  • Investment in Crisis Management

We also recommend you rely on the support of a qualified team to manage any crises. 

These professionals must act to prevent the company from being damaged by unforeseen situations. The identification and recovery of data should be their responsibility. 

8. Understand RPO and RTO 

RPO (Recovery Point Objective) and RTO (Recovery Time Objective) are two important aspects to consider when creating a disaster recovery plan.

The first consists of a metric that determines how much time can elapse between the last backup and an unforeseen event that generates the interruption of activities. That is, it makes it possible to calculate how many files and information will be lost if there is an interruption in operations.

RTO, on the other hand, indicates how long a server can be down without causing major problems for an organization.

Using these metrics allows more security, reducing irreversible damage and financial losses.

9. Synchronous Replication: Excellent Method for Companies that Cannot Tolerate High RPO from Data to Disaster Recovery

Companies that cannot have a high RPO find the solution in synchronous data replication. With this method, your data is saved simultaneously in two locations. 

Synchronous replications are especially suited for organizations that have secondary storage space up to 160 kilometers away, due to latency and response times. They make it possible to save data before there is a crash, invasion, or any other problem causing operations to stop.

10. Asynchronous and Mixed Replication

Although effective, synchronous replication has a high cost. Also, other methods may suit your business needs. Check it out:

  • Asynchronous Replication 

This solution makes it possible to copy your data and store it periodically, without suffering impacts related to distance and bandwidth.

What is more, this method guarantees minimal data loss, very close to what synchronous replication offers, while still providing an almost zero RTO.

  • Mixed Data Replication

It is also possible to combine synchronous and asynchronous replication resources in order to reduce the loss of information and files, as well as the time lost with interrupted activities.

For this, it is necessary to store data replications in two locations, one of which is geographically close to the environment where the IT infrastructure is located.

This solution enables access to stored information through synchronous replication with the reduced downtime of asynchronous replication.

 In this article, we covered what disaster recovery is, how important it is to organizations, as well as existing methods, among other information. If our content has answered your questions, please share it with others who are also interested in the subject.

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Load Balancer: what is it and what is its importance?

When a given system is heavily accessed, it is recommended to invest in a load balancer.

This solves the problem of slowness caused by system overload as it distributes traffic among different web servers in the resource pool. Thus, you can optimize its performance and significantly reduce its response time.

In this article, we bring more details about this solution, which can be applied in hardware and software, alone or together. Our text is divided into items to make it easier for you to understand the subject. These are:

  • What is a Load Balancer and How Does it Work?
  • Benefits of a Load Balancer
  • Brief History of the Load Balancers
  • Load Balancing and Cloud Environments
  • Load Balancing Algorithms
  • Other Load Balancing Algorithms
  • Situations where Load Balancing is Essential

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  • What is a Load Balancer and How Does it Work?

As mentioned in the introduction, a load balancer is intended to distribute traffic to different web servers in the resource pool. This way, it ensures no server is overloaded. 

The consequence is the reduction of the server’s response time, which starts to work with maximum performance. 

This is because this solution has the function of routing requests to the right places, providing performance and security for complex IT environments and the operations developed through them.

Let’s suppose you have three computers, but only two are operating, while the third is idle. In this case, load balancing will redistribute the workload between the equipment in order to ensure efficiency in their deliveries.

  • Benefits of a Load Balancer

Using a load balancer is very beneficial for several reasons. Check out its main benefits:

  • It increases efficiency: When you have a heavy workload, your network slows down. With load balancing, you can distribute it on more than one computer and/or server, increasing efficiency.

 

  • It allows you to manage the traffic flow: Many companies deal with a large volume of traffic in their daily activities. This traffic must be managed in such a way as not to overload the system and maintain the speed of operations. A load balancer helps manage traffic by distributing the workload across multiple computers or servers. 

 

  • It upgrades without downtime: With load balancing, networks gain more flexibility. The redundancy inherent in this solution makes it possible to transfer the workload to a defined server or server cluster for the others to be updated. Thus, these updates will not affect data access and operations.

 

  • It eliminates system failures: A load balancer also helps prevent network failures, which can occur as a result of failures in a server cluster. 

When configuring or updating your network, you should create server clusters using the same application. In this way, you can remove a failed server from your system easily. What’s more, the load balancer also allows you to transfer the workload to a functioning server without causing problems.

  • Brief History of the Load Balancers

This concept was created in 1990, with the proposal to enable the distribution of traffic in networks through specific hardware.

Subsequently, the development of Application Delivery Controllers (ADCs) provided more security to the load balancer, as new ways were sought to guarantee access to applications without interruptions and at any time.

ADCs can be: Hardware Appliance, Virtual Appliance, and Software Native Load Balancers. Today, ADCs created from software have the function of performing operations as hardware would and in a more scalable, functional, and flexible way.

  • Load Balancing and Cloud Environments

Large workloads in cloud environments can overload a single server. For this reason, load balancing is ideal for ensuring operations are performed efficiently in this context.

Another important function of a load balancer is to ensure the scalability of a cloud: This is what provides more speed for servers and the execution of various applications through the distribution of traffic.

With load balancing, servers receive inbound traffic in a coordinated fashion. Thus, it is possible to avoid that some servers are overloaded while others are with zero traffic.

Moreover, a load balancer makes it possible to identify unavailable servers to direct traffic to those that are operating. That way, you can have infrastructures in different places, as long as you sign up with a cloud service provider.

This is critical as regions can experience natural disasters and become inoperable. In this case, traffic is directed to another region, which has not been impacted by the catastrophe.

A load balancer can also determine which server is likely to be overloaded in the least amount of time and share the traffic with others. This capability reduces the possibility of service becoming unavailable.

The more demands an organization has, the greater will be the traffic of employees, suppliers, partners, and clients. 

As such, your cloud infrastructure must be able to support this load without becoming unavailable or reducing its responsiveness. That is the purpose of load balancing.

  • Load Balancing Algorithms

Load distribution is performed using an algorithm. This means the user has access to the websites using a URL associated with an IP and the load balancer, which directs the request to the server. 

Load sharing is directly related to the type of algorithm used, and the four most known are:

  • Round Robin: This is a method capable of placing incoming requests in a queue. With load balancer management, one can distribute these requests to servers, responding to them according to the availability of computers.

This solution is adaptable to locations where the servers have the same features. On the other hand, the algorithm can assign overload to less powerful equipment.

  • Weighted Round Robin: 

Unlike traditional Round Robin, it works according to the capacity of each server, which is pre-set with a value. It works like this: While the most powerful can have a value of 10, it is possible to assign the least powerful a value of 1. 

With that, the most powerful equipment will receive the greatest load. Therefore, this method is more recommended for use with different servers.

 

  • Least Connections

Round Robin and Weighted Round Robin do not work taking the number of connections the servers will handle into account. Thus, some servers can be overloaded, when receiving a backlog of connections. 

This problem is easily solved by Least Connections, which works considering the requests that already exist on the server when distributing new ones. 

However, this algorithm may not work depending on the technical capabilities of the servers. For this reason, it is recommended to be used in environments whose servers have the same features. 

 

  • Weighted Least Connections

This algorithm works as a complement to Least Connections. In an infrastructure whose servers have different resources, it considers the requests for each piece of equipment, in addition to the weighting established by the administrator.

As with Weighted Round Robin, the most powerful server has the most weight. With this, one can distribute the load strategically, as new requests are directed to a server with the lowest assets/weight.

  • Other Load Balancing Algorithms

In addition to the four best-known load balancing algorithms presented in the previous topic, other types perform load balancing. Check some methods below:

  • Lower Bandwidth Algorithm: In this case, traffic is measured in Mbps. Thus, it is possible to send requests to servers with a smaller number of Mbps of traffic.

 

  • URL Hashing: This algorithm is capable of evenly distributing writes across multiple websites and directing reads to a specific website.

 

  • Resource-based Algorithm (Adaptive SDN): This method involves knowledge of all application layers and the inputs of an SDN controller, which determines decisions regarding traffic distribution.

 

  • Resource-based Algorithm: Here, a computer program is installed on the server so that it provides the current load for balancing. This is possible based on an assessment of the servers and the availability of resources that allow traffic to be properly directed.

 

  • Source IP Hashing: It mixes client and server IP addresses, creating a unique hash key, capable of allocating traffic to certain servers.

  • Situations where Load Balancing is Essential

To understand the importance of investing in load balancing, it is worth looking at the cost-effectiveness of this investment. In other words, how much it costs to have this service and how much your business can lose without correct load distribution.

If you have an e-commerce business operating during periods such as Black Friday, Christmas, Mother’s Day, Valentine’s Day, or other important dates for commerce, for example, the load balancer can avoid major losses.

In this article, we discussed what a load balancer is, its benefits, and its importance for companies. If our content was helpful to you, please share it with more people who might be interested in the subject.

 

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High Availability: technology that guarantees productivity and credibility

High Availability: technology that guarantees productivity and credibility

High Availability: technology that guarantees productivity and credibility

Computer equipment is subject to failures that can bring great inconvenience and damage to companies. In this sense, high availability systems are essential for carrying out activities that rely on energy, location, operation, software, and hardware.

This technology ensures services are available 24/7 without interruptions or loss of information. For this reason, it is extremely important for large organizations, such as public agencies, critical infrastructure, and banks.

In this article, we dive deeper into the subject. Our text is divided into topics to make it easier for you to understand. These are:

  • What is High Availability?
  • What is a High Availability Cluster?
  • How Important is High Availability to Organizations?
  • Advantages of Infrastructure with High Availability Versus Infrastructure Without High Availability
  • High Availability, Redundancy, and Fault Tolerance: What is the Difference?
  • High Availability Products
  • Important Points for the Implementation and Maintenance of High Availability Systems

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  • What is High Availability?

A high availability (HA) system consists of a technology that must be applied to the computer equipment of large companies and data centers in order to avoid the interruption of activities resulting from failures.

This is possible through an infrastructure designed for maximum uptime, known as 99.999 percent or the “five 9s”.

It works through the allocation of hardware and software, among other solutions, in a redundant way. In practice, this means they will work automatically if any of these items fail.

  • What is a High Availability Cluster?

The word cluster (or clustering) is the same as “agglomeration”, as explained in this article. It is a term used in the most diverse contexts.

In the case of computing, it refers to a technology applied to two or more computers. We call these equipment nodes, and the number of nodes that can compose a cluster is unlimited.

A high availability cluster can be of two types: to be used in hardware and applications. In hardware high availability, we have a connection that makes it possible to change a component if there is an outage.     

In application high availability, the purpose is to ensure that applications work. As such, the cluster avoids long downtime when a system goes down. This model is useful with:

  • Monitoring tools;
  • Replication of systems and computers to replace equipment that may present problems; and
  • Power generators.

In application high availability, a database is synchronized with the instances that make up the cluster, which divides operations among them, assuring that the system will continue to function normally even if an instance is stopped.

  • How Important is High Availability to Organizations?

Regardless of the company’s industry, most of its departments need Internet access to function. A few examples are:

  • Employees responsible for the sales sector use emails and social media to communicate with clients; 
  • Those who lead the teams also use online means to communicate with their subordinates;
  • The purchasing sector needs to be in constant contact with suppliers; and
  • People who take care of marketing also access several platforms to carry out their activities.

We can conclude that high availability systems are of utmost importance to prevent loss of productivity related to time lost with IT disaster recovery.

Likewise, they preserve the credibility of the company, which is also critical, as damage to a brand’s reputation can be a major barrier to its growth. Key benefits of high availability include:

  • Reduction of scheduled downtime;
  • Guarantee of service continuity;
  • High-level performance;
  • Secure data.

  • Advantages of Infrastructure with High Availability Versus Infrastructure Without High Availability

High availability hosting providers perform the same hosting services as traditional infrastructure. However, this is done in a way that eliminates the possibility of downtime by almost 100%. 

What must be taken into account is the cost of this downtime, which is often much higher than most people realize.

A company with affected infrastructure could have impacts on productivity, reduced to almost zero while that infrastructure is down, or still have an interruption that leads to bankruptcy.

That is because the loss of productivity is a secondary concern to the loss of reputation caused by downtime hassles. 

After all, clients prefer to hire the services of accessible and prepared organizations to serve them whenever they need it. In other words, investing in high availability hosting is of paramount importance to keep your company and brand available to your audience.

  • High Availability, Redundancy, and Fault Tolerance: What is the Difference?

A system that features redundancy is not necessarily a high availability solution. For this, it needs to have means to detect failures, the possibility to perform high availability tests, and correct failures related to unavailable components.

Redundancy is hardware-based, while high availability strategies use software most of the time.

When it comes to the difference between high availability and fault tolerance, you should know that the latter requires complete redundancy in hardware. It is also essential to have hardware that identifies failures to ensure the entire system works together.

The advantage of this technology is the ability to retain memory and data for your programs. On the other hand, the adaptation to complex systems can take a little longer. Another problem is that the entire network can crash due to similar software failures presented by redundant systems.

Fault-tolerant systems are effective in preventing equipment problems, but in addition to being expensive, they do not prevent software failures, unlike high availability solutions.

  • High Availability Products

If you have understood the importance of investing in high availability, we cover features that are critical to achieving the performance your business needs in this topic. Among the aspects that should be considered, we highlight:

  • Hardware resilience;
  • Environmental conditions;
  • Data quality; and
  • Durable software.

To have an efficient, high-availability system that addresses these points, it is essential to have resources such as servers, network interfaces, and hard drives that are resistant to problems such as power outages and hardware failures.

Also, you should strategically install multiple web application firewalls on your networks, which enable you to eliminate failures. Another extremely important resources are software stacks capable of resisting failures that may eventually occur.

  • Important Points for the Implementation and Maintenance of High Availability Systems

High availability systems are adaptable to the needs of the organization hiring this service. Nevertheless, certain practices are widely indicated. Some of them are:

  • Redundancy of systems and data through different machines;
  • Deployment of applications on more than one server, in order to avoid machine overloads;
  • Use of components to ensure maximum stability and availability;
  • Spare resources for any failures;
  • Tests capable of guaranteeing availability, performance, and security;
  • Effective data backup and recovery strategies;
  • Conducting tests that help prevent failures related to confidential information; and
  • Use of 100% redundant router, load balancer, firewall, reverse proxy, and monitoring systems.

 

In this article, we discussed what high availability is and its importance to organizations, as well as the difference between redundancy and fault tolerance. We also pointed out aspects that are essential for the implementation of this technology.

If our text was helpful to you, please share it with others who might benefit from this knowledge. On our blog, you can find more content on high availability and information security, check it out. 

 

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Multi-factor authentication is a technological solution that aims to inhibit cyberattacks. In practice, this security strategy uses at least two types of mechanisms to identify an individual trying to access a certain system online.

The methods can involve knowledge factors, such as passwords; possession factors, such as totems; or inheritance factors, including fingerprint and facial recognition.

Do you want to learn more about it? Keep reading the article we have prepared.

Multi-factor authentication is an intelligent solution that protects from cyberattacks to individuals and businesses. 

This strategy is especially important these days, considering the significant increase in hacking attempts.

A survey done by Kaspersky, an organization specializing in security, and published on CNN Brasil‘s website, points to alarming numbers. According to the survey, in 2020, there was a 330% increase in cyberattack attempts. Altogether, more than 370 million corporate systems were hacked.

With the adoption of remote work by most companies during the covid-19 pandemic, their systems became more vulnerable to hacking. 

This has increased the need for technologies such as multi-factor authentication, as discussed in one of the topics below.

In this article, we explain what this feature is, its importance, and how to implement it, among other information. To make it easier for you to understand, it is divided into the following topics:

  • What is Multi-factor Authentication?
  • How Important is Multi-factor Authentication?
  • Are Companies Required to Use This Feature?
  • Two-factor Authentication and Multi-factor Authentication: What is the Difference?
  • Are Complex Passwords as Effective as MFA?
  • Digital Authentication Types
  • Methods Used in Attempts to Break MFA Security
  • Multi-factor Authentication and Remote Work


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  • What is Multi-factor Authentication?

Multi-factor Authentication (MFA) is a feature that inhibits attackers by putting together different mechanisms for user authentication. In this way, it guarantees the required security for data that could be accessed by the computing device, avoiding countless inconveniences and losses.

In practice, there must be a unique User ID that complies with PCI DSS Requirement 8.1.1, in addition to at least two of the three criteria outlined in PCI DSS Requirement 8.2. These are:

  • Knowledge factor: something the user knows, such as a password;
  • Possession factor: something they own, such as a token; and
  • Inheritance factor: something that relates to who they are, as in the case of biometrics.

For multi-factor authentication to work as it should, the mechanisms must be independent of each other. That is, if one of the factors grants access to the other, the desired security will be compromised.

  • How Important is Multi-factor Authentication?

Multi-factor authentication is a mechanism to combat data theft and cybercrime in general. For organizations, this protection is extremely important for several reasons.

It helps to avoid financial losses through theft and impact on productivity, as this type of occurrence can halt business operations.

In addition, it prevents the company from being exposed to legal proceedings arising from data leaks. 

This can occur, for example, by not complying with the General Data Protection Law (LGPD), which came into force on September 18th. This law requires companies to adopt a series of procedures in order to protect individual data. 

Failure to comply with the law can lead to administrative sanctions with eight different types of punishment, which include fines of up to R$50 million.

  • Are Companies Required to Use This Feature?

Multi-factor authentication is not a mandatory solution for all companies. However, its use is strongly advised for companies of any size or segment, after all, it combats a series of risks.

Also, individuals can benefit from this feature as they are also targeted by malicious actions such as cyberattacks.

For some audits, however, it is already a must, and it may no longer be optional in different contexts soon.

  • Two-factor Authentication and Multi-factor Authentication: What is the Difference?

Like multi-factor authentication, two-factor authentication (2FA) is intended to make it more difficult to hack an individual or legal entity’s accounts. Both require the user to use more than just a traditional password to log in.

The difference is that in two-factor authentication, the same method can be used more than once, such as a password and a security code, two factors of knowledge.

Multi-factor authentication is a more complex system, which requires at least two methods to allow access to a certain account. In practice, this means the individual will have to combine elements such as a password and the fingerprint scan. Note that we are talking, respectively, of a knowledge factor and an inheritance factor.

  • Are Complex Passwords as Effective as MFA?

Experts recommend using multi-factor authentication whenever a service provider offers this mechanism. 

That is because the MFA makes it possible to block 99.9% of automated bot attacks, and studies show its effectiveness in stopping malicious actions. 

According to Google, simply linking a phone number to the Google account as a way to recover passwords makes it possible to block up to 100% of automated bots, 99% of mass phishing attacks, and 66% of targeted attacks.

Using only a password as a security mechanism is already an inefficient action, however complex it can be, as hackers have access to increasingly sophisticated cyber tools and the number of breached accounts is shocking.

In contrast, using multi-factor authentication inhibits these intrusions because, in addition to the password, it is necessary to use an additional authentication method.

Furthermore, compromising MFA tokens is so expensive that it only generates interest in hackers who wish to gain access to exorbitant amounts.

  • Digital Authentication Types

There are numerous efficient ways to stop malicious online actions through digital authentication with different levels of complexity. In this topic, we cover the best known. Check them out:

  • Passwords: Passwords are the most common authentication mode. In order to fulfill their function and provide security, some services require compliance with criteria such as the minimum number of characters and the use of numbers or special characters.


  • Personal Information: Certain systems may request information from the user, such as the mother’s name, date or city of birth, and full name.


  • PIN: this is a code generated to identify the user of a website, for example. As mentioned earlier, this information is sent to a specific smartphone.


  • Token:  As a possession factor, the token is an item widely used by banks to generate passwords and prevent fraud. This method has the disadvantage of allowing shared access, which can reduce security, especially if not combined with another authentication mode.


  • Face Recognition: This highly advanced form of authentication can identify a person’s face through algorithms and software. First, the features are detected by a camera. Then, sizes, formats, proportions, and distances are analyzed. 

All this information is stored in a database and used for identification.

You might be asking yourself: what about when we get older or present ourselves with a different angle and lighting? In reality, this technology, which was limited before, has evolved more and more, and recognition in three dimensions is now possible.

In addition, the camera captures the shape of the user’s head, precisely to identify their features, regardless of the angle they are at.

 

  • Voice Recognition: There are certain applications to identify users’ voices. Audios are split into bits, converted into digital format, and transformed into text.

Voice recognition fulfills its purpose by analyzing intonation, pronunciation, and vocabulary, among other characteristics of the user’s speech. Its weakness lies in contemplating accents and changes in voice tone, for example.

 

  • Fingerprint: This form of authentication is very common among inheritance factors. It consists of the unique pattern each person has at their fingertips and can differentiate them from others.

 

No type of digital authentication is 100% secure if applied alone. For this reason, multi-factor authentication is strongly recommended.

  • Methods Used in Attempts to Break MFA Security

Multi-factor authentication is widely used by companies to prevent attacks. However, not even this mechanism, with all its complexity and effectiveness, guarantees 100% protection. Here are some methods used by hackers to breach your security:

  • Disabling the MFA

Malicious users can change settings in order to disable the multi-factor authentication application. That way, they do not need to go through a second authentication step when connecting.

  • Bypassing Multi-factor Authentication

In this case, the hacker applies techniques that allow access without MFA. They can do this in two ways: by controlling a maliciously downloaded, user-authenticated application, or by taking advantage of some multi-factor authentication vulnerability.

The possibility of intercepting an SMS message with the authentication code is an example.

  • Taking Advantage of Authorized MFA Exceptions

This happens when the malicious agent finds accounts operating without the MFA’s criteria. They take advantage of legacy applications that do not provide this protection mechanism. This is the case with POP/SMTP email servers.

  • Stealing SAML Signing Certificate

This technique is well known and very difficult to detect. It consists of stealing the private key or having a forged key for signing certificates and shows how important it is to have constant monitoring. 

  • Reusing a Session

It is possible to compromise a system with an authenticated session because most MFA features default to a 30-day timeframe to require re-authentication of a user, system, or application. This leaves enough time to access an account.

  • Multi-factor Authentication and Remote Work

The use of multi-factor authentication has become more urgent with the covid-19 pandemic. This is because most organizations had to adapt to a home office mode, with employees accessing the systems from any environment and device.

According to this publication, 90% of companies operating in Brazil have adopted remote work due to covid-19. Also, many will maintain this working mode even after the end of the pandemic.

This new condition brought vulnerability to companies, as it facilitated the actions of malicious individuals.

In this article, you have seen what multi-factor authentication is and its importance to individuals and corporations. If our content has answered your questions, please share it with others who are also interested in the subject.

 

Read other texts on senhasegura’s blog

HIPAA: Five Tips for Complying with the Certificate

ISO 27001: 4 Reasons to Implement It in Your Company

An Overview of Saudi Arabia’s Personal Data Protection Act (PDPL)

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Multi-factor authentication is a technological solution that aims to inhibit cyberattacks. In practice, this security strategy uses at least two types of mechanisms to identify an individual trying to access a certain system online. The methods can involve knowledge...

Privileged Access Management

Implementing privileged access management in a company is critical to ensuring that there are no information theft and other security issues. The so-called cyberattacks are responsible, for example, for the theft and hijacking of information in exchange for money,...

Credential Management

With the significant increase in the number of malware and ransomware cases worldwide, ensuring the security of your company's privileged credentials has become a fundamental practice to protect it against insider threats, data leaks, and immeasurable financial...
Privileged Access Management

Privileged Access Management

Privileged Access Management

Implementing privileged access management in a company is critical to ensuring that there are no information theft and other security issues.

The so-called cyberattacks are responsible, for example, for the theft and hijacking of information in exchange for money, causing several damages to the continuity of an organization’s business. They have become very common and their actions can cause not only financial losses but also image and reputation losses.

Unfortunately, the trend is that over the years, these cyberattacks will become more and more severe and that their number of occurrences will grow.

With this scenario, the importance of privileged access management also grows. Cyberattacks happen through classic malware and phishing methods or the exploitation of zero-day software vulnerabilities, in addition to advanced social engineering techniques.

With all that, privileged access management comes to help ensure that organizations function. Thus, it covers the need to protect data, networks, and devices from malicious actions.

Gartner, in its document Gartner Top 10 Security Projects, named Privileged Access Management (PAM) as the number one priority in security projects. So, what does Privileged Access Management mean and why is it considered so important? That is what we are going to talk about today.

What is Privileged Access?

Before explaining what Privileged Access Management is, we need to understand what privileged access or credential is. 

All the time, malicious people appear looking for flaws within the companies’ systems to gain access to confidential data. This threat can be both external and internal. Therefore, organizations are increasingly looking for solutions that are truly capable of protecting this information.

Privileged accounts are created to control access to this data. This access is usually restricted only to people who hold leadership positions (high-level management) and administrators in the IT area. Other employees can obtain this information with the authorization of the company.

Through privileged credentials, significant changes can be made to devices and applications installed on an infrastructure, which in many cases can affect business continuity. The impact of using them maliciously can cause serious damage, from violations of compliance items, which can lead to heavy penalties, to security incidents – which result in reduced trust by the interested parties and lost revenue.

Although it is extremely important, proper control often ends up being flawed. Hence the need to have a tool really capable of directing, tracking, and filtering these accesses. Among the most efficient, we have PAM solutions.

What is a Privileged Access Management (PAM) solution?

Privileged Access Management, also called Privileged Identity Management, enables organizations to protect their privileged credentials. In addition, PAM also ensures the effectiveness of least privilege policies by reducing attack vectors and possible data leaks.

Gartner believes that a PAM solution helps organizations securely provide privileged access to critical assets and meet compliance requirements by managing and monitoring privileged access and accounts. 

Basically, a PAM solution works as a secure credential repository for devices installed in the environment. Based on the management of user privileges, one can allow users to access only the data required for them to perform their activities. Thus, the information security team can configure user access profiles, avoiding improper access to systems and data.

What is the Principle of Least Privilege?

The principle of least privilege is one of the bases for information security. Its main goal is to grant users access to environments that are required for them to perform their tasks. In other words, with the principle of least privilege, users do not access environments they do not require, avoiding internal threats, data leaks, and hacker infiltration in critical environments of a company.

Through the senhasegura solution, you have several security locks that ensure users access only the environments required by them. Besides monitoring the way the user is performing privileged access, the senhasegura solution registers, records, and notifies those responsible for information security about any malicious activity within the privileged session.

Through this simple practice, they significantly minimize the chances of a cybercriminal accessing sensitive company data and extracting information.

How is Privileged Access Done?

Privileged access to devices can be performed in two ways: manually (least recommended); and through specific Privileged Access Management (PAM) solutions. In this second case, PAM controls administrative access to a company’s critical systems to help it achieve its cybersecurity goals.

Controlling privileged actions allows one to protect a company’s IT systems against any attempt to carry out malicious actions, such as improper changes in the environment and theft of information. These blocked actions can take place both inside and outside the company.

In this context, using privileged access management technology is essential to optimize the deployment of a cybersecurity infrastructure in companies.

Moreover, the need for effective use of privileged access management techniques has never been greater, as traditional defense mechanisms such as antivirus, VPNs, and firewalls are subject to many failures today.

Thus, a PAM solution should be able to:

  • Allow a company to set several flexible parameters for privileged access control, such as window access, access restrictions for specific users or systems, or access limitation to resources required to perform a task;
  • Be a single repository of administrative credentials across all systems and environments within an organization, resulting in reduced audit time and incident investigations;
  • Link role-based user control to critical systems, applications, and services, thus allowing the connection between a privileged user and an individual, which improves granularity of control and visibility;
  • Provide a scalable, searchable, and comprehensive audit and reporting solution for user activities on critical systems, with the ability to view commands and sessions on those systems.
  • Centralize privilege visibility and control across a single management, policy, and reporting platform for all devices and users, resulting in increased efficiency and unification of the management approach across the environment.
  • Integrate auditing activities for user tasks such as Syslog with other monitoring and reporting technologies such as SIEM (Security Information and Event Management).
  • Strengthen the policies of least privilege for granular control of administrative rights, while facilitating elevation of privileges without the need to assign administrator or root access.
  • Escalate management of all credentials across a range of operating systems and platforms.

Through an architecture that requires no agent installation, senhasegura offers a centralized access point for critical systems. Its features allow strengthening the access control, limiting the user access only to what was previously authorized, respecting the principle of least privilege. 

Thus, senhasegura offers full visibility of who has access to these systems and what actions have been taken with the privileged credentials.

Some features of senhasegura include:

Credential Management

Allows secure password storage and centralized access management. From the definition of Access Groups for segregation of roles, one can configure pre-approved or emergency access, or start from workflows with single or multiple approvals, without the user having access to the credential password.

Session Recording

Allows tracking of any action taken during a privileged session to meet any audit or data privacy authority’s demand. In addition, the livestream feature allows real-time monitoring of ongoing sessions and the possibility of remotely ending a session;

Application Identity

senhasegura uses its own template for changing the password of application credentials and stores the new encrypted password in its database. The credential can be viewed directly by the solution’s connection API or inserted directly into the application server connection pool.

When used to manage privileged access on organizational systems and platforms that store or protect the integrity of sensitive data, senhasegura provides a centralized access point for critical systems. Its features allow strengthening the access control, limiting the user access only to what was previously authorized, respecting the principle of least privilege.

Thus, senhasegura offers full visibility of who has access to these systems and what actions have been taken with the privileged credentials. Finally, control and visibility on privileged actions are key factors for an organization to comply with a range of regulatory requirements for system protection. This ensures compliance and business continuity.

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Why Should I Invest in a PAM Solution?

Lack of control over access to certain data within an enterprise can result in major disruptions, including loss of business continuity. Many adopted systems end up vulnerable due to a lack of effective supervision.

This lack of control leaves room for the leak of information, much of it sensitive, inside or outside the company. But after all, how to guarantee the privacy of these contents?

The PAM solutions turn out to be quite efficient in this case, as they use security strategies and technologies that, together, are capable of controlling privileged access.

Moreover, they restrict which users will be allowed to enter certain accounts, applications, devices, processes, and internal systems, and control them. This prevents external attacks, which can occur as a result of an employee’s lack of attention, or sharing of sensitive information within the company.

Are PAM Solutions Really Secure?

We often associate external attacks as our only risk. However, insider threats can also put an entire organization at risk.

They are not always associated only with the people who work in a company. In this list, we can also include service providers, such as consultants, third parties and suppliers, and even former employees, who may have access to its data even after leaving the company.

Improper access can result in damage caused intentionally or accidentally. No matter the reason, in all cases the consequences can be quite bad and even irreversible.

Therefore, it is common for people to have doubts whether a PAM solution is really capable of filtering these people’s access. And the answer to that question is yes! It is so secure that they are recommended by cybersecurity experts. Gartner, for example, has chosen PAM as the number-1 security project for 2 years in a row.

When it comes to reducing risk within an organization, a PAM solution is considered one of the most efficient and indispensable. It is worth mentioning that it is always important to hire credible solutions from the market.

senhasegura, for example, offers really efficient solutions, which protect the customer from possible data theft, in addition to tracking the actions of administrators on networks, servers, databases, and devices. All of this is done in compliance with demanding global standards such as ISO 27001, PCI DSS, HIPAA, and Sarbanes-Oxley.

How Does It Reduce Insider Threats?

The PAM solution uses some features to mitigate insider and external threats. One is by protecting the credentials of your most confidential data in a central, secure vault to which few people have access.

Privileged access can be limited so that only authorized people can consult personal customer data, trade secrets, ongoing negotiations, intellectual property, financial data, among others.

Privileged Access Management is able to direct which access each employee will have authorization. Thus, they will only be able to consult information relevant to their tasks. All of this will be controlled by the system, no matter if they are working in person or remotely.

In addition to internal data, in order to have greater control over protection against attacks, it is also possible to restrict access to external content on websites and applications that pose a certain type of threat to a company’s security.

Is It Possible to Protect My Passwords in The Cloud?

Yes. senhasegura is the only company in Brazil that offers a cloud-native password vault. The SaaS service protects your credentials, offers password rotation, auditing, and monitoring of these privileged accounts.

In this way, you minimize the duties of the security administrative department and allow the process to take place efficiently and at a lower cost. Therefore, it is ideal for small and medium-sized companies due to its advantages.

Is PAM the Same Thing As IAM?

No. Although both have the principle of controlling a company’s data, the two usually work in a complementary way, each with its own functionality.

In comparison, we can say that PAM is a little more elaborate. Identity and Access Management (IAM) is a tool used for administrators to easily manage users and legitimize access to certain company resources.

Despite that, this type of system has some gaps when it comes to privileged accounts. It is at this point that PAM becomes essential, as it works in a broader and more detailed way. This solution is able to inform you of everything that is being done, which sessions were started, and who is accessing certain information.

In short, a PAM solution controls everything related to this data within the company, managing to filter accessibility and ensure secure storage of all information.

Who Is It Recommended For?

senhasegura is a leading global solution in privileged access management with a mission to eliminate privilege abuse in organizations around the world.

The solution is recommended for companies in the following scenarios:

  • Companies with more than 10 users.
  • Companies that received points of attention in auditing.
  • Companies that must comply with cybersecurity rules and regulations.
  • Companies that want to implement the best security practices.
  • Companies that have suffered a security incident.
  • Companies that need to reduce operating costs.

senhasegura allows companies to implement the most strict and complex controls on access to privileged credentials in an automated and centralized manner, protecting the IT infrastructure from data breaches and potential compliance breaches.

It is also ready to meet business and market compliance requirements such as LGPD, GDPR, PCI DSS, SOX, NIST, HIPAA, ISO 27001, and ISA 62443.

Gartner Chooses senhasegura as One of the Best Privileged Access Management Solutions in the World

Gartner is a company recognized for providing impartial, high-quality consulting and research on many markets, as well as providing valuable information and insights to the entire technology community. In addition to being part of the S&P 500, an index of the top 500 publicly traded companies in the United States, Gartner provides research and analysis of solutions in areas such as finances, legal, compliance, and Information Technology.

To support their strategy and help organizations of all sizes choose which solutions to deploy in their infrastructure, IT leaders should use tools developed by Gartner, such as the Magic Quadrant reports. 

Gartner’s Magic Quadrant uses a uniform set of assessment criteria with results represented in a graphical form showing the competitive positioning of different vendors of digital products and services in different markets. This representation makes it easy to see how these vendors meet different market requirements and work against Gartner’s market view.

Gartner uses a qualitative data analysis methodology to indicate trends in different markets. This analysis includes the direction and maturity of different markets, in addition to their respective players. The analytics developed by Gartner are tailored for specific technology industries, including PAM, and are updated every one to two years.

The purpose of Gartner’s Magic Quadrant for Privileged Access Management 2021 report is to showcase the top PAM solutions on the market. senhasegura was recognized as a Challenger and was highlighted in the 2021 report as the second-best PAM solution in the world in terms of execution capability.

Check the main points presented in Gartner’s Magic Quadrant for Privileged Access Management 2021:

  • The best solution for account discovery and onboarding.
  • One of the most technically advanced PAM solutions.
  • Positive feedback from clients on ease of use, user-friendly interface, and fast-to-implement features.
  • Highly competitive price, with below-average quotes for all evaluated scenarios.

Gartner does not endorse any vendor, product, or service depicted in their research publications, and does not advise technology users to select only those vendors with the highest ratings or other designation. Gartner’s research publications consist of the research organization’s opinions and should not be construed as statements of fact. Gartner disclaims all warranties, express or implied, with respect to this research, including any warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

Did you enjoy this post? Now that you know some myths and truths about privileged access management, learn more about senhasegura. Contact us and

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Multi-factor authentication is a technological solution that aims to inhibit cyberattacks. In practice, this security strategy uses at least two types of mechanisms to identify an individual trying to access a certain system online. The methods can involve knowledge...

Privileged Access Management

Implementing privileged access management in a company is critical to ensuring that there are no information theft and other security issues. The so-called cyberattacks are responsible, for example, for the theft and hijacking of information in exchange for money,...

Credential Management

With the significant increase in the number of malware and ransomware cases worldwide, ensuring the security of your company's privileged credentials has become a fundamental practice to protect it against insider threats, data leaks, and immeasurable financial...

Credential Management

Credential Management

Credential Management

With the significant increase in the number of malware and ransomware cases worldwide, ensuring the security of your company’s privileged credentials has become a fundamental practice to protect it against insider threats, data leaks, and immeasurable financial losses.

For this purpose, there are several ways to protect yourself, such as implementing Privileged Access Management (PAM) solutions. What many people do not know is that implementing any PAM solution in your corporation will not guarantee the protection of your company’s privileged credentials.

Your solution must have several functionalities that secure privileged credentials aligned to a good information security strategy.

To help with this task, we have chosen some essential functionalities that your PAM solution must have in order for you to guarantee the security of your company’s privileged credentials.

How Important is It to Keep Privileged Credentials Secure?

With the digital transformation boosted through the growing adoption of cloud-based models, connected devices, and development strategies, there has also been an explosion of privileged credentials associated with these devices. Gartner estimates the number of IoT and Industrial IoT devices to reach 24 billion this year. 

No wonder they are called “keys to the kingdom”, as they allow access to valuable information from the organization and which are often targeted by cybercriminals.

According to Verizon in its Data Breach Investigations Report 2021, 61% of data leaks involved privileged credentials. What’s more, according to IBM’s Cost of a Data Breach 2020 report, the cost of a cyberattack involving privileged credentials is USD 4.77 million, 23.5% more than the average.

So, properly protecting privileged credentials is essential in the cybersecurity strategies of companies of all sizes and verticals. In addition, the information security teams must protect these “keys” from malicious attackers, granting access in a secure way and properly monitoring the actions performed in the environment through privileged access.

Privileged Access Management (PAM) is all about protecting those high-privileged accounts, credentials, and operations. Gartner itself elected PAM for two years in a row as the number one project in Security. And still according to Gartner, managing privileged access risks is virtually impossible without specialized PAM tools.

What Are the Main Types of Privileged Credentials?

Through privileged credentials, significant changes can be made to devices and applications installed on an infrastructure, which in many cases can affect business continuity. 

The impact of using them maliciously can cause serious damage, from violations of compliance items, which can lead to heavy penalties, to security incidents – which result in reduced trust by the interested parties and lost revenue.

Discover the main types of privileged credentials that are most common in corporate environments.

Local Administrator Accounts

We are all very familiar with the local administrator account that is automatically created when installing a Windows computer. The account provides complete control over files, folders, services, and local user permissions management. Local administrators can install any software, modify or disable security settings, transfer data, and create any number of new local administrators.

Local accounts with administrator privileges are considered necessary to perform system updates, software and hardware upgrades. They are also useful for gaining local access to machines when the network goes down and when your organization has some technical issues.

Privileged User Accounts

In an IT environment, privileged user accounts are those that are given comparatively more privileges or permissions than a normal user account. 

Any malicious activity carried out by a privileged account, either intentionally or by mistake, can be a threat to IT security. To address this, you need a systematic way to determine which users have privileged access and track their activities. 

For example, Active Directory has built-in privileged groups for privileged accounts. These groups are: Admins, Domain Admins, Enterprise Admins, Schema Admins, DnsAdmins, and Group Policy Creator Owners.

Domain Administrator Accounts

A domain administrator is essentially a user who is authorized to make global policy changes that affect all computers and users connected to that Active Directory organization. They are allowed to go anywhere and do anything, with the limitation that they must remain within that specific account.

Service Accounts

Service accounts (or app accounts) are a digital identity used by an app or services to interact with other apps or the operating system. The service accounts can be a privileged identity in the context of the application. 

The main features and functionalities of a service account are:

  • They are used by applications to access databases, run batch tasks or scripts, or provide access to other applications. 
  • These privileged identities often have broad access to the underlying enterprise data storage that resides in applications and databases.
  • Passwords for these accounts are often embedded and stored in plain text files, a vulnerability that is replicated across multiple servers to provide greater fault tolerance for applications. 
  • This vulnerability poses a significant risk to an organizational entity because applications often host the exact data that advanced persistent threats deem to be an item of interest.

Local service accounts can interact with a variety of operating system components, making it difficult to coordinate password changes. This challenge often means that passwords are rarely changed, which represents a significant security consideration within a company.

What Is the Credential Management Lifecycle?

The entire Privileged Access Management process must be considered by those responsible for Information Security in companies, from the discovery of assets, credentials, and digital certificates and access provisioning to the visibility of actions performed in the environment, going through the management of privileges and the access itself, when the privileged actions are actually performed.

Thus, it is possible to consider the Privileged Access Management process in a lifecycle, which we call the privileged access lifecycle.

Before

In order to have a broad and efficient privileged access management, it is necessary to pay special attention to the initial phase of managing privileged credentials.

This phase is responsible for provisioning and guaranteeing access to certified machines and privileged credentials through digital certificates, passwords, SSH keys. Therefore, it is really important.

During

This is the part where privileged access management actually takes place, making it possible to track all user activities in the privileged session in real-time, monitor, and analyze suspicious behaviors from users and machines, etc.

Having a solution that can define and limit the tasks that a privileged session will be allowed to perform is essential for your company’s information security to succeed.

After 

After performing the two previous phases, your privileged access management solution must record every action taken in the privileged session. Through this audit, your company ensures that, during the sessions, there are no security breaches, can record all actions performed by users

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What Do You Need to Consider for Credential Management?

There is a great difficulty for companies to implement this type of technology, since most suppliers do not offer integrated support, in which the 3 phases of the management of privileged credentials are interconnected, and that makes the companies opting for hiring more than one solution so that each one performs a different part of the task.

Unlike other solutions, senhasegura offers the market an integrated solution, through which it performs the 3 phases effectively in just one environment, facilitating the management of privileged credentials and keeping your company secure, free from fines and leaks of sensitive data.

How Does senhasegura Help Solve This Issue?

The functionalities of senhasegura’s PAM platform meet the most demanding cybersecurity requirements, allowing any organization to comply with cybersecurity management rules, regulations, and policies and at all steps provided for in the privileged access lifecycle.

Credential Management 

It is possible to define the administrator users who will be able to view the password for physical access, and the group of users that can use the remote access offered by the solution to access a target device or system.

Digital Certificate Management

You must manage your company’s digital certificates to ensure the security of privileged credentials.

A solution that has good digital certificate management automatically notifies those responsible for the information security of the company about appropriate measures that should be taken when a certificate expires or is about to expire.

This type of practice significantly reduces vulnerabilities and increases the productivity of the employee when analyzing this information in just one interface.

Access Management and Cloud Identification

Access management and cloud identification have become great allies to data protection, since a cloud provider has several security locks that prevent information security breaches.

By connecting the security of the cloud environment with your PAM solution, the coverage and guarantee of the security of your company’s privileged credentials are even greater.

Provisioning of Local Users

To optimize time and save money, having a solution that has the provisioning of local users becomes a great way to centralize and automate devices that do not have integration with directory services.

Scan and Discovery of SSH devices, Credentials, and Keys

It is possible to scan the environment and perform the automated registration of devices and their respective credentials in the solution. The scan can be performed across the entire environment, or applied to a specific network segment. It is also possible to define the search plugins to be used, as well as the device types, credentials, SSH keys, and authorized keys that will be identified. Finally, it is also possible to configure specific periods and traffic shape for the scans, in order to avoid DoS in the network.

Endpoint and Workstation Privileges 

One can run functions such as Windows UAC, Run As on local workstations, and thus run applications that require privileges, including session recording in Windows and Linux. Thus, applications authorized to use this type of privilege elevation are previously listed in the solution through whitelists, and their use is restricted to authorized users. It is also possible to configure blacklists to include unauthorized applications in the environment and map network drives on workstations.

Remote Session with Recording Features

Recording and storage of all remote sessions are performed through transparent proxies. Session video files have a high compression ratio, allowing you to reduce storage costs and increase performance when generating video files.

What Are The Next Steps?

To conclude, as it was made clear throughout the article, the importance of credential management is huge, as everything is designed so that all accesses are made with the highest level of security, traceability, and transparency.

Therefore, both in internal and remote work, the security of systems is always a priority and must be treated as such.

Do you want to learn more about the access management system? Request a Demo right now and learn more about how it works and other benefits!

 

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